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論文中文名稱:麥可.鮑爾《偷窺狂》: 電影中的凝視與身體 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Cinematic Gaze and the Body in Michael Powells Peeping Tom (1960) [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:人文與社會科學學院
系所名稱:應用英文系
畢業學年度:106
畢業學期:第二學期
出版年度:107
中文姓名:蘇純慧
英文姓名:Chun-Hui Su
研究生學號:103548015
學位類別:碩士
語文別:英文
口試日期:2018/01/04
論文頁數:52
指導教授中文名:勞維俊
指導教授英文名:Louis Lo
口試委員中文名:霍弘毅;葛瑞斐;勞維俊;何重誼
口試委員英文名:Thomas Wall;John Griffith;Louis Lo;Jean-Yves Heurtebise
中文關鍵詞:拉岡凝視電影觀看愉悅身體梅洛龐蒂視覺現象學
英文關鍵詞:Lacangazecinemavisual pleasurebodyMerleau-Pontyphenomenology of vision
論文中文摘要:本文針對麥可‧鮑爾的《偷窺狂》,探討電影中的身體影像,以及貫穿全片的凝視概念。男主角馬克路易斯受制於一股不可抗拒的力量,沉迷觀賞人們驚恐的表情。為了錄下真實的死亡瞬間,而犯下三起謀殺案。殺害對方的同時,拍攝其驚恐的表情。然而這些死亡紀錄始終無法滿足馬克的視覺慾望,最後他以相同的方式結束性命,並拍下自己的死亡面孔。本片的謀殺片段主要以第一人稱的敘事鏡頭呈現,讓馬克和觀眾的視角重疊,當他犯案的同時,彷彿觀眾也變成馬克,拍攝並刺殺鏡頭下的女性。本片交替使用主/客觀的敘事鏡頭,讓觀眾時而是整起事件的旁觀者,時而又因為視角重疊,變成偷窺成癖的殺人魔。無論是影片中的馬克,或是觀眾,以為自己能絕對享有視覺上的主控權,不落於被觀察的處境,然而這都是螢幕帶來的錯覺。電影讓觀眾誤以為自己看到了真相,其實這種錯覺與視角上的限制有密切關係。本文以佛洛伊德的心理分析切入,透過拉岡的凝視理論,說明視線必然受限於身體和所處的位置,因此馬克無法以全知觀點透視死亡;另外藉由梅洛龐蒂的視覺現象學,討論身體與感官世界之間的可逆性,因為有身體作為媒介,人們得以透過雙眼和世界產生連結。
論文英文摘要:This thesis explores the image of the body in cinema and examines the concept of gaze in Michael Powell’s Peeping Tom (1960). The protagonist Mark Louis is haunted by the obsessive behavior of watching the terrified face, which drives him to film/kill women in order to catch the image of death. He chases after his victims by filming until he makes himself filmed and killed under the gaze of his own camera. Louis’s camera coincides with the cinematic point of view of the audience. Through the interchanging of the object and the personal points of view, the audience is no longer an onlooker but part of the crime and the act of peeping. With the magic function of film screen, viewers experience the illusory reality where they believe they can dominate the spectacle through the eye. However, the spectator’s imaginary mastery comes from his body. Freud’s psychoanalytic criticism, Lacan’s conception of the gaze, and Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology of vision are applied in this paper to explain the reversible relationship between the body and the sensible world, and Mark Louis fails to be an all-present perceiver of death due to the limitation of his body (eyes).
論文目次:Abstract in Chinese i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgement iii
Table of Contents iv
Introduction: The Body,Voyeurism,and Reality 1 Chapter One: The Gaze 12
Chapter Two: The Desire to See 28
Chapter Three: Phenomenology of Vision 42
Works Cited 51
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2018-03-01起公開